Friday, May 22, 2020

101 Classics to Get You Started

So many books, so little time. Anyone, novice or expert, who is interested in reading classic literature might feel overwhelmed by the number of works categorized as Classics. So, where should you get started? The list below contains 101 works spanning multiple countries and subjects. It is meant to be a get started or find something new list for anyone on their own personal classic reading quest. Text Author The Count of Monte Cristo (1845) Alexandre Dumas The Three Musketeers (1844) Alexandre Dumas Black Beauty (1877) Anna Sewell Agnes Grey (1847) Anne Brontà « The Tenant of Wildfell Hall (1848) Anne Brontà « The Prisoner of Zenda (1894) Anthony Hope Barchester Towers (1857) Anthony Trollope The Complete Sherlock Holmes (1887-1927) Arthur Conan Doyle Dracula (1897) Bram Stoker The Adventures of Pinocchio (1883) Carlo Collodi A Tale of Two Cities (1859) Charles Dickens David Copperfield (1850) Charles Dickens Great Expectations (1861) Charles Dickens Hard Times (1854) Charles Dickens Oliver Twist (1837) Charles Dickens Westward Ho! (1855) Charles Kingsley Jane Eyre (1847) Charlotte Brontà « Villette (1853) Charlotte Brontà « Sons and Lovers (1913) D.H. Lawrence Robinson Crusoe (1719) Daniel Defoe Moll Flanders (1722) Daniel Defoe Tales of Mystery Imagination (1908) Edgar Allan Poe The Age of Innocence (1920) Edith Wharton Cranford (1853) Elizabeth Gaskell Wuthering Heights (1847) Emily Brontà « The Secret Garden (1911) Frances Hodgson Burnett Crime and Punishment (1866) Fyodor Dostoyevsky The Brothers Karamazov (1880) Fyodor Dostoyevsky The Man Who Was Thursday (1908) G.K. Chesterton The Phantom Of The Opera (1909-10) Gaston Leroux Middlemarch (1871-72) George Eliot Silas Marner (1861) George Eliot The Mill on the Floss (1860) George Eliot The Diary of a Nobody (1892) George and Weedon Grossmith The Princess and the Goblin (1872) George MacDonald The Time Machine (1895) H.G. Wells Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852) Harriet Beecher Stowe Walden (1854) Henry David Thoreau The Aspern Papers (1888) Henry James The Turn of the Screw (1898) Henry James King Solomon's Mines (1885) Henry Rider Haggard Moby Dick (1851) Herman Melville The Odyssey (circa 8th C. BC) Homer The Call of the Wild (1903) Jack London Last of the Mohicans (1826) James Fenimore Cooper Emma (1815) Jane Austen Mansfield Park (1814) Jane Austen Persuasion (1817) Jane Austen Pride and Prejudice (1813) Jane Austen Pilgrim's Progress (1678) John Bunyan Gulliver's Travels (1726) Jonathan Swift Heart of Darkness (1899) Joseph Conrad Lord Jim (1900) Joseph Conrad 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (1870) Jules Verne Around the World in Eighty Days (1873) Jules Verne The Awakening (1899) Kate Chopin The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900) L. Frank Baum Tristram Shandy (1759-1767) Laurence Sterne Anna Karenina (1877) Leo Tolstoy War and Peace (1869) Leo Tolstoy Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1865) Lewis Carroll Through the Looking-Glass (1871) Lewis Carroll Little Women (1868-69) Louisa May Alcott The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) Mark Twain Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884) Mark Twain Frankenstein (1818) Mary Shelley Don Quixote of La Mancha (1605 1615) Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra Twice-Told Tales (1837) Nathaniel Hawthorne The Scarlet Letter (1850) Nathaniel Hawthorne The Prince (1532) Niccolà ² Machiavelli The Four Million (1906) O. Henry The Importance of Being Earnest (1895) Oscar Wilde The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890) Oscar Wilde The Metamorphoses (circa 8 AD) Ovid Lorna Doone (1869) R. D. Blackmore Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1886) Robert Louis Stevenson Treasure Island (1883) Robert Louis Stevenson Kim (1901) Rudyard Kipling The Jungle Book (1894) Rudyard Kipling Ivanhoe (1820) Sir Walter Scott Rob Roy (1817) Sir Walter Scott The Red Badge of Courage (1895) Stephen Crane What Katy Did (1872) Susan Coolidge Tess of the d'Urbervilles (1891-92) Thomas Hardy The Mayor Of Casterbridge (1886) Thomas Hardy Utopia (1516) Thomas More Rights of Man (1791) Thomas Paine Les Misà ©rables (1862) Victor Hugo The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. (1819-20) Washington Irving The Moonstone (1868) Wilkie Collins The Woman in White (1859) Wilkie Collins A Midsummer Night's Dream (1600) William Shakespeare As You Like It (1623) William Shakespeare Hamlet (1603) William Shakespeare Henry V (1600) William Shakespeare King Lear (1608) William Shakespeare Othello (1622) William Shakespeare Richard III (1597) William Shakespeare The Merchant of Venice (1600) William Shakespeare The Tempest (1623) William Shakespeare Vanity Fair (1848) William Thackeray

Thursday, May 7, 2020

Personal Note On The Door Knob - 836 Words

I knew it was Derrick. He was throwing toilet paper rolls out the stall and screaming, â€Å"I hate you!†. I stood quiet seeing if I should interfere. I accidentally stepped on a piece of gum. I quietly as possible rose my foot to my hip and tried to take it off, but suddenly losing balance I swayed to one side and hit the wall. I quickly looked up to see if he had noticed me. The door knob started to turn. I ran out as fast as my two legs could possibly go. â€Å"LeBron James!†, I heard behind me. A loud sensation of fear rushed up through my veins. The stairs were only a few meters away. One quick turn and I was going up the stairs. Just before the wall covered my view of him I took one last glimpse and saw him with a basketball and a gorilla†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬Å"Sugar honey ice tea!†, yelled Mr. Ali. â€Å"Whats wrong I asked?† My leg, I think I broke it. â€Å"Dangt!†, I yelled. â€Å"Screw that†, he said. His legs fell off his body and now he was hovering with fire exploding out of his hip. â€Å"That s pretty cool.†, â€Å"Let s move! One more thing!† He took a deep breath and suddenly his whole body started turning into metal. â€Å"Awesome!† â€Å"Let s go!†, he said in a robotic voice. We fired past the hallways and we were almost out until suddenly our worst fear had c ome face to face with us, Mr. Furby. Mr Ali’s eyes grew red and shot out a blasting rage of red plasma at the disturbing doll, but it was too fast and dodged all over his shots. I tried to grab it but it bite me and I fell to the ground. As my eyes slowly started closing all I could see Mr. Ali and Mr Furby going one on one and then, you guessed it John Cena came through the roof diving nearly killing Mr. Ali and rko d Mr. Furby. Magically Harambe had been there the entire time. He was staring at us and we were doing the same back at him. Suddenly I felt my heart stop. His eyes were so beautiful it hurt to stare. I glanced over at Mr. Ali and could see the same look in his face, but when I looked at John Cena all I could see was his hand flashing up and down across his body, â€Å"You can’t see me!† and out of nowhere he vanished. Then Harambe lifted up his two hairy arms and dabbed. Psssh Wasted. I was falling to the ground and as I looked upShow MoreRelatedUni versal Design For Learning Programs1377 Words   |  6 Pagesbased in architecture design of the 1970s by Ron Mace (King – Sears, 2009). The concept grew from the idea of building design that would meet the universal needs of all people by removing barriers. Cut ramps in sidewalks for wheelchairs, door handles rather than knobs, and other accommodations that removed barriers to access and unrestricting flow for all possible visitors, etc. Growing from this universal design notion stemmed the idea of Universal Design for Learning (UDL). Thus, in a UDL learningRead More A Day in the Life of a Teacher Essay1287 Words   |  6 Pageseverything else in the other, we back onto the staff door and out the front office. You can always tell a new teacher, they havent got the art of getting out the staff door in the morning perfected yet. I make my way to class avoiding the students and setup and wait in the class until the bell goes at half past 8. Outside the kids are eagerly waiting to be let inside, like a pack of puppies waiting for you to open the door just so they can jump all over you with theirRead MoreThe Theory Of Relativity Is An Extremely Exciting And Interwoven Performance1446 Words   |  6 Pages The Theory of Relativity is an extremely exciting and interwoven performance that takes a look at the interconnected lives of common people. The musical provides real life situations that people can relate to on a personal level. For example, I have an allergy to both dogs and cats so I could relate to the performance on a person level. The musical consists of numerous monologues and group singing where the actors reveal what they are going through. The actors experience an entire rangeRead MoreCinematography Treatment Example4304 Words   |  18 Pagesto do the laundry even after the girl (Carrie), tries to force him physically. Carrie is miserable after that but then finds another way to get him of the couch. She tells him that his car is being stolen and when he gets outside, Carrie locks the door behind him. Thando sees his car isnâ€℠¢t being stolen. He then sees the washing basket outside and sees Carrie through the window enjoying the victory and waving the key mockingly. Genre When filmmakers and movie critics refer to a film genre, theyRead MoreThis Aint My First Rodeo Essay1901 Words   |  8 Pagescatalogued my findings in detailed field notes taken during my visits to the dance hall. To submerge myself in participant observation I first had to learn the basics of the country music dance practice, the â€Å"two-step† and various line dances. Once I had sufficiently learned these essentials, I was able to conduct more effective and fluid interviews, and gain the trust and ensue ease of the interviewee. Under the Patton Model, I asked interviewees their personal history associated with country musicRead MoreRooms Division Management : Individual Project Essay3837 Words   |  16 Pages123 Double 1st Occupied Mr. N ________ _________ _______ 201 Double 2nd Occupied Mrs. H ________ _________ _______ 224 Single 2nd Vacant - - - - 230 Single 2nd OOO* - - - - (Note - OOO means Out Of Order rooms) 7] Contents of a Guest Room:- A) Layout of a typical Room:- Layout of a typical 250 Rooms Resort having a Suite room with balcony and exit to private Swimming pool. The key features in designing a room includeRead MoreFingerprinting Identification and Understanding the Term Daubert Hearing2512 Words   |  11 Pageswitness left two notes in the first vehicle: each note identifying the color and tag number of the vehicles. The second vehicle was located and belonged to the girlfriend of one of the suspects. The officers processed the first vehicle for latent prints. The result of this found two latent fingerprints identified to that of Mitchell. During the trial, the defense sought exclusion of the anonymous note and other evidence. The defense wanted to throw out the contents of the note as inadmissible hearsayRead MoreCultural Considerations Remote or Robotic Surgery Essay4017 Words   |  17 Pagesrequired elements for the project, each member of the team will take responsibility for researching specific aspects of the technology. The team will then produce a detailed outline for the project, noting each team member’s research sections. Please note, the list of required elements is just that – a list – and does not constitute an outline. Thesis Statement: Each outline assignment should begin with a thesis statement. This thesis sentence presents the central idea of the paper. It must alwaysRead MoreFood Hygiene Revision Essay example3135 Words   |  13 Pagesfood in the refrigerator is above the legal requirement, what should you do first? a. arrange for the refrigerator to be serviced b. transfer the food to another refrigerator c. report the problem to your supervisor d. turn the temperature control knob down 21. Spoilage bacteria can damage the quality of food, reduce its shelf life and; a. cause illness b. improve its flavour c. make it more expensive d. prevent it from rotting 22. Which is the most effective control to prevent cross-contaminationRead MoreSound Reinforcement Equipment Requirements for a Music Venue Essay2876 Words   |  12 PagesAnother main type of microphone used in the musical industry is the Condenser microphone. The Condenser microphone as I have already said are expensive compared to the dynamic ones and also very fragile, so they are not an appropriate choice for out-door and live venues. The most commonly used microphone is the hand-held one. The pattern of the hand-held microphones often is cardioid, also other patterns are available, but the cardioid is the most common one. Because of its nature of use, whatever

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The impact of Schizophrenia and Psychopathy to offending behaviour. Free Essays

string(172) " the early 1980s the general opinion was that people with schizophrenia were no more likely than the general population to be violent they claim that view is now outdated\." Introduction For many years people have associated mental disorders with offending behaviour and in particular, violent offending. According to Jones (2006 p, 383) evidence has been found that individuals who are mentally ill are at greater risk of arrest then the general population. He argues that in an attempt to investigate the relationship between mental disorders and offending behaviour studies have been conducted which have mainly focused on mental disorder in convicted offenders and offending rates in psychiatric populations. We will write a custom essay sample on The impact of Schizophrenia and Psychopathy to offending behaviour. or any similar topic only for you Order Now As a result of these studies schizophrenia and psychopathy are the two disorders that appear to be most associated with offending. This essay will attempt to describe the terms schizophrenia and psychopathy in some detail and discuss the relation each in turn has with offending behaviour. Schizophrenia, according to Davenport (1996 p,172), is a severe mental disorder characterised with symptoms of disintegration in the thinking process, in emotional responsiveness and in contact with reality. Social relationships become impossible and cognitive functions are disturbed. Sufferers of schizophrenia may withdraw from other people and from everyday reality, often into a life of odd beliefs, or delusions, and hallucinations.The symptoms of schizophrenia can often make stable employment difficult, resulting in impoverishment and homelessness. The strange behaviour displayed by schizophrenics and the lack of social skills may lead to a loss of friends, a solitary existence and sometimes ridicule and persecution. The German psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin (1896, cited by Gross, 2008. P.791) was the first to recognise schizophrenia as a separate mental illness. He described it as a distinct disorder which he called ‘dementia praecox’, meaning early insanity. Kraepelin believed that the symptoms were due to a form of mental deterioration that began in adolescences. However Bleuler (1911, cited by McGuire, Mason O’Kane, 2000, p.162), a Swiss psychiatrist, disagreed with Kraepelin, he believed that the disorder did not necessarily have an early onset and the name ‘dementia praecox’ was inappropriate. Bleuler proposed his own term for the disorder, one that is still used today, schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is taken from the Greek word schizein, meaning to split, and phren, meaning the mind to describe a disorder in which the personality loses its unity. Individuals with schizophrenia can significantly differ from one another and asKring et al (2010, p.321) explains this is because the range of symptoms in the diagnosis of schizophrenia is extensive and people may only have some of them at any given time. The symptoms of schizophrenia are divided into three categories. The first category refers to positive symptoms and these are based on Schneider’s first rank symptoms (1959, cited by Gross, 2008 p.791) which are subjective and include delusions, hallucinations and thought disturbances. Delusions are beliefs that are held contrary to reality and firmly held in spite of disconfirming evidence. Hallucinations which may be visual, these are often unpleasant and frequently include violence and destruction, but are most commonly auditory, typically as voices commenting or giving instructions. Thought disturbances are where thoughts are inserted into the mind (thought insertion), removed from the mind (thought withdrawal) or b roadcast to the mind (thought broadcasting) by external forces. The second category refers to negative symptoms that are based on Slater and Roth’s major symptoms (1969, cited by Gross, 2008, p.792). These are directly observable from the patient and include thought process disorder, disturbance of affect, psychomotor disturbance and lack of volition. Thought process disorder refers to the inability to keep to the point and becoming easily distracted. Disturbance of affect refers to affect that can be flat and expressionless or alternatively it can be inappropriate such as anger without provocation or laughter at misfortune. Psychomotor disturbance can take the form of bizarre facial grimaces, repeated gesturing or excited agitation of the body; alternatively unusual postures can be adopted and held, in a state of immobility, for long periods. Finally lack of volition refers to a lack of motivation and an absence of interest in or an inability to persist in what are usually routine activities including work, self care, social activiti es and affection for friends and family. The third category according to Kring et al (2010, p.324) refer to disorganised symptoms which include disorganised speech and disorganised behaviour. Disorganised speech refers to problems in organising and maintaining a logical and coherent flow of information, whilst disorganised behaviour refers to bizarre behaviour which can take many forms, sufferers seem to lose the ability to organise behaviour in a way that conforms to usual standards, performing everyday tasks also becomes difficult. Many studies have been conducted to examine the relationship, if any, between schizophrenia and offending behaviour, some of these studies have shown that there is a relationship between the two. For example Green (1981, cited by Jones, 2006, p. 389) conducted a survey of 58 men admitted to mental hospitals after they had killed their mothers and discovered that 75% of them were suffering from schizophrenia. Taylor (1986, p.76) conducted a survey of life sentence prisoners in London and discovered a high level of schizophrenia. These findings are inconsistent with the work of Monahan and Steadman (1983, cited by McGuire, Mason and O’Kane, 2000, p.165) who conducted an influential review of research that was conducted prior to the early 1980. Their findings suggested that there was little if any relationship between offending behaviour and schizophrenia. They argue that many of the studies that appear to suggest a link between schizophrenia and offending behaviour have failed to take into account demographic factors such as poverty and unemployment. When these kinds of factors were considered, the apparent relationship between schizophrenia and offending behaviour, particularly violence, disappeared. However, Mullen (2006, p.241) suggests that many of the factors that produce offending in the general population are important in producing offending in schizophrenia. These include disturbed backgrounds, poor social conditions, unemployment and substance abuse, among others. But those with schizophrenia may be more vulnerable to those influences and this in turn may increase offending behaviour. Whilst Walsh, Buchanan Fahy (2002, p.490) acknowledge that until the early 1980s the general opinion was that people with schizophrenia were no more likely than the general population to be violent they claim that view is now outdated. You read "The impact of Schizophrenia and Psychopathy to offending behaviour." in category "Essay examples" They conducted a review of the main studies that have influenced current thinking about the association between schizophrenia and offending, in particular violence, between January 1990 and December 2000. Three different approaches were examined and these included studies on violent acts in those with schizophrenia, schizophrenia in individuals who have committed violent acts and violence in those with and without schizophrenia, regardless of involvement with the mental health or criminal justice systems. They found that the majority of studies conducted over the past two decades have demonstrated a statistical association between schizophren ia and violence. Furthermore that people with schizophrenia are significantly more likely to be violent than members of the general population. Finally that the proportion of violence attributed to people suffering with schizophrenia is small. The second mental disorder that is most associated with offending behaviour is psychopathy. Psychopathy, according to McLaughlin and Muncie (2006, p.323) is a collection of personality traits that lead to emotional or behavioural problems serious enough to require psychiatric evaluation. Psychopaths have no concern for the feelings of others and a complete disregard of any sense of social obligation. Psychopaths are characterised by lack of empathy, poor impulse control and manipulative behaviours. Kring et al (2010, p.368) argue that psychopathic people have no shame, and their seemingly positive feelings for others are merely an act. They are superficially charming and use that charm to manipulate others for personal gain and satisfaction. Psychopathy was first recognised in the early 1800s where the term was used in Austrian psychiatry text books but as Jones (2006, p.392) explains, it was not until 1976 in his classic book The Mask of Sanity that Hervey Cleckley drew on his clinical experience to formulate diagnostic criteria for Psychopathy. Cleckley’s criteria for psychopathy focused less on behaviour as such and more on the person’s thoughts and feelings. Kring et al (2010, p.368) explain that Cleckley produced a checklist which consisted of 16 distinguishable characteristics of a psychopath, although various researchers have tried to identify the typical characteristics of a psychopath. They go on to argue that there has been widespread approval of 6 key elements described by Cleckley, they are lack of guilt or remorse, an inability to learn from experience, an inability to delay gratification, an inability to form emotional ties, the constant seeking of stimulation and a superficial charm. The most commonly used scale that attempts to operationalise the concept of psychopathy and make assessment more reliable according to Kring et al (2010 p,270), was developed by Robert Hare in 1991 and is called the psychopathy checklist revised, known as the PCL-R test. The checklist, based on Cleckley’s criteria, is a 20 item clinical rating scale that is completed through interview and information gathered from other sources including criminal records, social worker reports and case histories. The scale divides into two linked factors, factor one includes interpersonal items, such as superficial charm, grandiose sense of self worth and pathological lying, and affective symptoms such as lack of remorse or empathy. Finally factor two measures socially deviant or anti social lifestyles, such as proneness to boredom and delinquency. The exact relationship between psychopathy and offending behaviour according to Mclaughlin and Muncie (2006, p323) has not been completely understood but it is clear that psychopathic charachteristics are highly associated with offending. Among offenders who score highly on the PCL-R test there are also high levels of criminality and violence. Hobson and Shine (1998, p.504) findings supports this view, they found that once imprisoned, psychopaths display more violent and aggressive behaviour and are more frequently segregated from other prisoners. Furthermore, after release, the likelihood of reconviction is significantly above that for non psychopaths, particularly for violent crimes. This view is shared by Hemphill et al (1998, cited by Gross 2008, p.842) after his Meta analysis study found that psychopathic offenders were three times as likely to reoffend and four times more likely to violently reoffend within a year of release than non psychopathic offenders. The criteria of the PCL-R test may show how psychopathic characteristics relate to offending behaviour. According to McLaughlin and Muncie (2006, p.323) the criteria of factor one for example, which includes grandiose sense of self worth and arrogance, highlights the need of psychopathic individuals to feel they are of high status, this need could be satisfied through various types of offending. Being pathological liars can also facilitate certain types of offending behaviour. Psychopaths do not feel the usually constraining emotions of guilt, remorse or empathy; as a result of these lacks of constraints the likelihood of offending behaviour in psychopathic individuals is increased.The emotional volatility of psychopathic individuals may also explain the increased violence that is evident from the studies previously mentioned. The second factor of the PCL-R which includes characteristics like proneness to boredom, impulsivity and delinquency can demonstrate why offending behaviou r in psychopathic individuals is increased. The examination of any relationship between psychopathy and offending behaviour is not helped by the unsatisfactory definition of the disorder. Jones (2006, p.393) argues that the definition is circular in that there are certain behaviours that are used to help assess the disorder, the disorder is then, in turn used to explain these behaviours. He goes on that there is already an established link between psychopathy and offending behaviour as it seems crime is incorporated into the definition of the disorder, he concludes that by the very nature of the characteristics of psychopathy, in essence, psychopathic behaviour is criminal behaviour. On analysis of both mental disorder in convicted offenders and offending rates in the psychiatric population it is easy to establish a firm relationship between the two mental disorders described in this essay and offending behaviour. Schizophrenia is the disorder that is probably the most associated with violent offending, although the actual number does appear to be very small. There is also an established link between psychopathy and offending behaviour although, that does seem to be incorporated in the definition of the disorder. References Davenport, G.C. (1996). Essential Psychology. (2nd ed.). London: HarperCollins Publishers Ltd. Gross, R. (2008) Psychology The Science Of Mind And Behaviour. (5th ed). London: Hodder Education. Hobson, J., Shine, J. (1998). Measurement of Psychopathy in a UK prison population referred for long term psychotherapy. British Journal of Criminology, 38,3, 504-515 Jones, S. (2006). Criminology. (3rd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press Kring, A., Johnson, S., Davison, G., Neale, J. (2010). Abnormal Psychology. (11th Ed). West Sussex: Wiley Sons Ltd. McGuire, J., Mason, T., O’Kane, A. (Eds) (2000). Behaviour, Crime and Legal Process . West Sussex: Wiley Sons Ltd. McLaughlin, E. Muncie, J. (2006). The Sage Dictionary of Criminology (2nd ed.). London: Sage Publications Ltd. Mullen, P.E. (2006). Schizophrenia and Violence: From Correlation to Preventive Strategies, Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 12, 239-248 Taylor, P. (1986). Psychiatric disorders in London’s Life Sentenced Offenders. British Journal of Criminology, 26, 63-78 Walsh, E., Buchanan, A., Fahy, T. (2002). Violence and Schizophrenia – Examining the Evidence. British Journal of Psychiatry, 180, 490-495. How to cite The impact of Schizophrenia and Psychopathy to offending behaviour., Essay examples

Monday, April 27, 2020

Pluto Paper free essay sample

Ever since grade school you were taught that our solar system has nine planets. Sadly that is no longer the case; in 2006 astronomers have decided that Pluto no longer qualifies as a planet. Pluto is now considered a â€Å"Dwarf Planet† and has caused a lot of controversy among astronomers. A dwarf planet is not even considered to be a planet, and there are projected to be hundreds of them in our galaxy. Pluto is being demoted to what amounts as a third class citizen in our galaxy. Thousands of textbooks will have to be revised and changed in our schools just because of this one change they made to our solar system. According to the new definition for a planet, a full-fledged planet is an object that orbits the sun and is large enough to have become round due to the force of its own gravity. In addition, a planet has to dominate the neighborhood around its orbit. We will write a custom essay sample on Pluto Paper or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The definition is flawed, relating to â€Å"clear the neighborhood†. Every 228 years Pluto crosses inside of the orbit of Neptune, so technically speaking, it does not clear its neighborhood. But that also means that Neptune does not clear its own neighborhood. Mars and Jupiter don’t clear their neighborhoods as they â€Å"interfere† with the Asteroids, and the Earth actually orbits the Sun with thousands of Asteroids. So the Earth doesn’t clear its own neighborhood either. So if we use the new definition, Pluto, Neptune, Jupiter, Mars, and the Earth, are not planets! Otherwise Pluto fits the definition for a planet; it is from a faulty definition that Pluto is no longer allowed to be a planet. Also, a body’s difficulty in clearing its orbit or the volume of space that it must clear increases dramatically its distance from the sun increases. Clearing is most difficult for Pluto, the furthest â€Å"planet† from the sun. Furthermore, why aren’t â€Å"Dwarf Planets† known as planets? Dwarf Stars are still stars, and Dwarf Galaxies are still galaxies. If it has the word â€Å"planet† in it why is it not a planet? One of the biggest problems with how Pluto got demoted from being a planet was the voting process. Although there are over 10,000 Astronomers in the International Astronomical Union, only 237 of them voted and approved this definition. Only 4% of the astronomer population voted, many of them felt they should have been able to vote electronically. Therefore, there was NOT a majority consensus of what a planet is. If people had to be at only one specific spot every time they voted for something I’m sure even our presidential votes would have changed because no one would want to vote. Hundreds of Astronomers around the world have signed petitions to ignore the new definition and still refer to Pluto as the ninth planet in our Solar System. They believe the definition of a planet is sloppy and needs to be drastically revised. If so many astronomers don’t agree with the decision, what gave them the right to change the definition and make Pluto no longer a planet? The demotion of Pluto is also going to hurt its research funding. No one wants to study it if it’s not important enough to be a planet. Discovered in 1930, Pluto orbits the Sun, has three moons, has an atmosphere, has weather, and even polar caps. It is not that much different than any of the other planets. It has been known as a planet for more than 75 years, and to change its status with a poor definition and process is bad science. Pluto has earned the right to be a planet; it has been for years and for a few men to say it’s not based on a bad definition is wrong. Pluto needs to be considered a planet again, who knows what they might try to change in our solar system next.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Tech essays

Tech essays The PowerPC G4 is one of the elite performing products produced by Apple, Motorola, and IBM. It is actually the first microprocessor that can deliver a sustained performance of over one giga-flop, which is a lot. The PowerPC G4 Velocity Engine can process information in 128-bit chunks, compared to the 32 or 64-bit chunks in traditional processors. In addition, the G4 can perform four 32-bit floating-point calculations in a single cycle, which is two to four times faster than traditional processors. But with all this speed arises the need to store it. The Macintosh G4 has a 60GB ultra hard drive, but sometimes that is not enough in order to gain the max benefit in a profession. RAID, Redundant Arrays of Independent Disk, is one option of extra data storage that has revolutionized the way large files has been stored in computers. RAID technology offers significant improved reliability, availability, and serviceability. It is a method of combining multiple hard drives so that they behave as a single hard drive. RAID arrays can be created for two main reasons: increased performance and increased data security. There are several ways to achieve both goal, and each method is referred to as a RAID level. Level 0, the first type of RAID, employs multiple hard drives for increased read/write access times. Because each drive has to work less, storing or retrieving a file to a RAID 0 array can be much faster than storing a file to a single hard drive. RAID level 1, is the second type used exclusively for data security and does not increase performance at all. RAID 1 uses two hard drives of equal size and provides two perfect copies of the data stored on the main drive. This means that if one of the two hard drives should fail there is a complete and current copy waiting to be used. The final type RAID levels 3,4,5 all employ multiple hard drives for speed, but they also employ special techniques for data security. ...

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Using Lo Que to Form Noun Phrases in Spanish

Using Lo Que to Form Noun Phrases in Spanish A common way of forming a phrase that acts as a noun is to use lo que, as shown in the following excerpt from a news article. Learn how to use lo que to form noun phrases in Spanish along with its suggested translation and discover key notes on its vocabulary and grammar. Excerpt Antognini y otros colegas europeos y de EE UU presentan esta semana en science un estudio que seà ±ala que el protà ³n es ms pequeà ±o de lo que se cree. Los resultados confirman lo que el mismo equipo ya publicà ³ en Nature en 2010: El protà ³n parece ser 0,00000000000003 milà ­metros menor de lo que pensaban los investigadores. Source: Retrieved Jan. 25, 2013. Suggested Translation Antognini and other European and American colleagues are presenting a study in science this week that indicates that the proton is smaller than what is believed. The results confirm what the same research team already published in Nature in 2010: The proton seems to be 0.00000000000003 millimeters smaller than what researchers thought. Key Grammatical Issue Lo que, used in this selection three times, is a common way of starting a phrase that functions as a noun. It is best to think of lo que  as a single word, a type of neuter relative pronoun. When lo que refers to an idea or abstract action, it can almost always be translated as what or that which. Examples of everyday phrases using lo que in this way include: Lo que pasa;  what is happening.Lo que hemos hecho; what we have done.Lo que me preocupa; what is worrying me.Lo que sabemos; what we know.Lo que es inolvidable; what is unforgettable. The thing that can be used in translation when referring to something more specific: Lo que tiene seis ojos, the thing that has six eyes. Other Notes on Vocabulary and Grammar EE UU is a plural abbreviation for Estados Unidos.Ms pequeà ±o and menor are examples of comparisons of inequality.Se cree is a conjugated reflexive form of creer, a verb meaning to believe or to think. The reflexive here is used like the passive voice in that it indicates something is believed without explicitly stating who is doing the believing.Equipo in Spanish refers to a group of people working together for a common purpose. Usually translated as team, it is applied to non-sports activities more often than the English word is. Research team was used in translation for clarity.Ya is an adverb usually used to add emphasis. Already was used in the translation as a way of emphasizing that preliminary findings had been published earlier.See lessons on parecer, ser and pensar for more about the usage of those verbs.Note the use of the comma in the number where English would use a period. The original sentence came from a publication in Spain; had it come from Mexico, the number woul d have been rendered with a period.

Saturday, February 15, 2020

Job Discrimination Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 1

Job Discrimination - Essay Example The following will explore job discrimination with an eye to how this form of discrimination affects certain groups of people in the labor market and how society has attempted to protect these people from discrimination. Discrimination in the workforce affects people from all walks of life. Accordingly, the employment opportunities of half of our population are hindered by latent and overt sexism in the offices of America. It is well known that women in America earn substantially less than their male counterparts. The Equal Pay Act (EPA) of 1963 was established more than four decades ago to protect men and women who perform the same tasks from wage-based discrimination. Sexism is an unfortunate aspect of our modern society but the EPA seeks to combat it through positive legislation aimed at correcting the pay discrepancy between men and women in the labor force. Older workers also face a variety of impediments to their active inclusion in the labor force and the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) of 1967 protects individuals who are 40 years of age or older from discrimination at work. Finally, people with disabilities face a plethora of hurdles in society and the Americans with Disabilitie s Act (ADA) of 1990 was established to ensure the full inclusion of people with disabilities in American society. Covering a wide variety of instances of discrimination, the ADA is the most recent piece of legislation mentioned above which aims to tackle problems associated with discrimination in the labor force (Bernbach 1996; Ripa 2007). Job discrimination prevents the active inclusion of certain types of individuals in the work environment and is detrimental both to the diversity of an office as well as to the productivity of a particular work space. Seeking to address the major challenges minorities face with respect to discrimination at work, the government has legislated policies to protect certain groups from harmful work practices. Job